Friday, October 29, 2010

Gustav Gun - The Largest Gun Ever Built

The largest gun ever built was the "Gustav Gun" built in Essen, Germany in 1941 by the firm of Friedrich Krupp A.G. Upholding a tradition of naming heavy cannon after family members, the Gustav Gun was named after the invalid head of the Krupp family - Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach. The strategic weapon of its day, the Gustav Gun was built at the direct order of Adolf Hitler for the express purpose of crushing Maginot Line forts protecting the French frontier. To accomplish this, Krupp designed a giant railway gun weighing 1344 tons with a bore diameter of 800 mm (31.5") and served by a 500 man crew commanded by a major-general.

Two types of projectiles were fired using a 3000lb. charge of smokeless powder: a 10,584 lb. high explosive (HE) shell and a 16,540 lb. concrete-piercing projectile. Craters from the HE shells measured 30-ft. wide and 30-ft. deep while the concrete piercing projectile proved capable of penetrating 264-ft. of reinforced concrete before exploding! Maximum range was 23 miles with HE shells and 29 miles with concrete piercing projectiles. Muzzle velocity was approximately 2700 f.p.s.
Three guns were ordered in 1939. Alfried Krupp personally hosted Hitler and Albert Speer (Minister of Armaments) at the Hugenwald Proving Ground during formal acceptance trials of the Gustav Gun in the spring of 1941. In keeping with company tradition, Krupp refrained from charging for the first gun - 7 million Deutsch Marks were charged for the second (named Dora after the chief engineer's wife).
France fell in 1940 without the assistance of the Gustav Gun, so new targets were sought. Plans to use Gustav against the British fortress of Gibraltar were scrapped after General Franco refused permission to fire the gun from Spanish soil. Thus, April 1942 found the Gustav Gun emplaced outside the heavily fortified port city of Sebastopol in the Soviet Union. Under fire from Gustav and other heavy artillery, Forts Stalin, Lenin and Maxim Gorki crumbled and fell. One round from Gustav destroyed a Russion ammunition dump 100 feet below Severnaya Bay; a near miss capsized a large ship in the harbor. Gustav fired 300 rounds during the siege wearing out the original barrel in the process. Dora was set up west of Stalingrad in mid-August but hurriedly withdrawn in September to avoid capture. Gustav next appeared outside Warsaw, Poland, where it fired 30 rounds into Warsaw Ghetto during the 1944 uprising.
Dora was blown up by German engineers in April 1945 near Oberlichtnau, Germany, to avoid capture by the Russian Army. The incomplete third gun was scrapped at the factory by the British Army when they captured Essen. Gustav was captured intact by the U.S. Army near Metzendorf, Germany, in June 1945. Shortly after, it was cut up for scrap thus ending the story of the Gustav Gun.









8 New Uses for a Comb...

before u try out these things make sure it's clean...

1. Cake Decorator

Immediately after applying frosting, lightly run the teeth over it. (In this case, be sure the comb is new and sanitized.)

 

2. Carpet Fluffer

Use a comb to brush up stubborn furniture indentations on a rug.

 

3. Wine Strainer

If cork pieces fall into your bottle of vino, place a fine-toothed comb over the bottle’s mouth to strain out the bits as you pour. (Again, use a new, sanitized comb.)

 

4. Vacuum Cleaner

Scrape away lint that’s stuck on the vacuum’s roller for more suction.

 

5. Magic Trick

Turn on the tap to get a smooth stream. Run a comb through clean hair to build static electricity. Bring the comb close to the water without touching it. The stream will curve to the side due to the electrical charge.

 

6. Sweater Depiller

Gently brush the surface to remove unsightly balls from your knit top.

 

7. Wall Texturizer

Create a faux finish―straight lines, zigzags, grids―by gliding a comb over freshly painted walls (they should still be wet).

 

8. Musical Instrument

Make a kazoo by folding a piece of parchment or wax paper over a comb’s teeth (the paper should hang over about an inch).

8 New Uses for a Tennis Ball

1. Bulb Remover

Use half of a ball (see instructions on how to cut it at bottom) to remove a warm lightbulb from its socket.

2. Comforter Fluffer

Speed up the drying time of bulky bedding by tossing a couple of tennis balls in the load.

3. Arm Weights

Cut small slits into two balls. Fill with pennies or sand, then seal with tape or superglue. Take the weights on your next power walk.

4. Spa Tool

Roll sore feet over tennis balls for a soothing massage.

5. Jar Opener

Conquer lids by using the rubber lining of a cut ball to aid your grip.

6. Makeshift Safe

Cut a slit in a tennis ball, then place valuables (jewelry, cash, etc.) inside. Just keep it far away from Fido.

7. Floor Guards

Cut an X into four balls and slip the feet of an ironing board inside.

8. Painkiller

Lie down. Place a tied sock containing two balls under the spot where your head and neck meet. Tuck your chin and gently nod your head up and down.

7 New Uses for an Old CD or Jewel Case

1. Candle Holder

Place a CD under a pillar candle to keep wax from dripping on the table. Bonus: The reflective surface picks up the candlelight for extra ambience.

 

2. Cookbook Dividers

Cover CDs with pretty contact paper, label the outer edges (SLOW COOKER, DESSERTS), and use them to section off cookbooks for quick reference.

 

3. Ice Scraper

Too cold to hunt down the real deal? Use a jewel case to clear the frost from your windshield.

 

4. Invitation

Jot party details on the shiny side of a CD and mail it out in a cushioned envelope. (Expect to pay about a dollar in postage.)

 

5. Frame

Pop a photo in an open jewel case for an instant desk display.

 

6. Coaster

Stick felt to either side of a CD. For an instant conversation-starter (“Wang Chung? Really?”), leave them label-side up.
 Tina Harris
Cincinnati, Ohio


 

7. Craft Aid

Line the inside of a case with double-sided tape, then use it to keep wayward beads in place.

7 New Uses for a old Penny



1. Curtain Straightener

Make an opening in the bottom hem, slide in a penny or two, and sew the hem back up to keep curtains hanging level and stick-straight.

2. Tread Checker

Insert a penny into a groove of a tire with Lincoln’s head pointing into the tire. If the groove covers part of his head, you’re safe to drive; if the head is in full view, it’s time for new wheels. (The distance between the rim of a penny and Lincoln’s head is 1/16 of an inch―the minimum suggested tread depth.) 

 

3. Table Anchor

If you dine out and the table is unsteady, put a coin under the leg to restore balance.

4. Game Token

Misplaced the thimble? No problem. Sub in a cent.

5. Makeshift Screwdriver

Use a penny to screw open a toy’s battery pack.

6. Icebreaker

Hand out pennies at your next gathering and ask each guest to share a story that happened during the year his or her penny was minted. If the coin predates a friend, let the person improvise.

7. Birdbath Cleaner

To ward off algae, toss in a few pre-1982 coins; the high copper content retards growth.

6 photoshop fails...

 These are some best photoshape mistakes ever ... 
















Amazing snake five head

A five headed snake found in Infosys Campus, Mangalore, Karnataka.