Thursday, July 21, 2011

Aviation history of USSR

The Museum of civil aviation is located in Ulyanovsk near an airport. It is a unique place that you just shouldn’t miss if you like planes.

The Antonov An-14 “Pchelka” was designed to replace the An-2, but it could not do this. Its mass production began in 1966 and ended in 1972. The An-2 started to be manufactured only in 1992.

The AN-24 is a passenger turboprop aircraft for the lines of small and medium ranges. In 1963 it began to make regular passenger flights between Moscow, Voronezh, and Saratov (its capacity is 50 passengers).

The Mielec M-15 is a jet agricultural aircraft, developed and manufactured in Poland in the 1970s by an order of the USSR. A strange arrangement corresponds to tasks performed by this airplane.

Let L-410 Turbolet» is a universal twin-engine aircraft for local airlines, which replaced the AN-2. It is the first aircraft of foreign production that flew in the Soviet air lines. Its other names: L-410, Let, Let A-410, Turbolet, Cheburashka, Elka.

The Mil Mi-8is a Soviet/Russian multipurpose helicopter, developed in the early 1960s. It is the most popular twin-engined helicopter in the world, and it is also included in the list of the most popular helicopters in the aviation history. It is widely used for many civilian and military purposes.

The Mil Mi-4 is helicopter of the middle class. It had a lot of modifications.

The Mil Mi-2 is a Soviet multipurpose helicopter, developed in the early 1960s. It is widely used for many civilian and military roles. Before the end of its production in 1992, more than 5400 units had been built.

The Mil Mi-6 is a heavy military transport helicopter. It is the first mass production helicopter in the world that was equipped with two turboprop engines with the free power turbine. Its layout scheme is considered to be classic. The Mi-6 had the greater load-lifting capacity during those times. It set various world records.

The Ilyushin IL-62 is a passenger aircraft for ultra extent airlines. It was produced serially in 1966-1995. A total number of manufactured aircrafts is 277. Several world records for speed and range of a flight was established by the IL-62. For several decades the IL-62 served as the “board number 1? for the transport of the Soviet leadership.

The Tupolev TB-1 is a Soviet bomber aircraft. It the first in the world all-metal heavy twin-engine serial bomber monoplane. The aircraft was developed during 9 months and assembled in 1925. Besides flights from Moscow to New York, the TB-1 was involved in the rescue of the icebreaker crew of “Chelyuskin”.

The Tupolev Tu-124 is a Soviet passenger aircraft for medium range airlines. This aircraft was designed to replace the old IL-14 for local routes, but it did not earn a lot of popularity: a little later it was practically replaced by the Tu-134 that had similar characteristics.

The Yakovlev Yak-40 is a passenger aircraft for local airlines, designed in the USSR in the 60s.

The Yakovlev Yak-42 is a medium-range three-engined passenger aircraft, developed in the USSR in the middle 1970s to replace the technically outdated Tupovel Tu-134.

The Ilyushin IL-14 is a twin-engine reciprocating Soviet aircraft, developed in the late 1940s to replace the outdated Lisunov LI-2 and IL-12.

The Tupolev Tu-144 is a Soviet supersonic airliner, developed in the 1960s. It is the museum pride because the aircraft combine a lot of of advanced developments and engineering solutions.

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