Sunday, September 2, 2012

Top 10 Most Influential Persons in History

The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History is a 1978 book by Michael H. Hart, reprinted in 1992 with revisions. It is a ranking of the 100 people who, according to Hart, most influenced human history. In the book, Hart provides brief biographies of each of the individuals, as well as reasons for their ranking.

The first person on Hart's list is the Prophet of Islam Muhammad. Hart asserted that Muhammad was "supremely successful" in both the religious and secular realms. He also believed that Muhammad's role in the development of Islam was far more influential than Jesus' collaboration in the development of Christianity. He attributes the development of Christianity to St. Paul, who played a pivotal role in its dissemination. Now let's take a look at the top 10 most influential persons in history...

10. Albert Einstein, Scientist ( 1879 – 1955 )

German theoretical physicist, best known for his theory of relativity and specifically mass–energy equivalence, expressed by the equation E = mc2.

9. Christopher Columbus, Explorer ( 1451 – 1506 )

Italian navigator, colonizer and explorer whose voyages led to general European awareness of the American continents.

8. Johannes Gutenberg, Inventor ( 1398 – 1468 )  

German printer who invented the mechanical printing press.

7. Cài Lún, Political official in imperial China ( 50 – 121 AD )  

Widely regarded as the inventor of paper and the papermaking process.

6. Paul of Tarsus, Christian apostle ( 5 – 67 AD )

One of the most notable of early Christian missionaries, credited with proselytizing and spreading Christianity outside of Palestine (mainly to the Romans) and author of numerous letters of the New Testament of the Bible.

5. Confucius, Philosopher ( 551 – 479 BC )

Chinese thinker and social philosopher, founder of Confucianism, whose teachings and philosophy have deeply influenced Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Vietnamese and Indonesian thought and life.

4. Buddha, Spiritual leader ( 563 – 483 BC )

Spiritual teacher and philosopher from ancient India. Founder of Buddhism and is also considered an Gautama Buddha in Hinduism.

3. Jesus Christ, Spiritual leader ( 7–2 BC – 26–36 AD )

The central figure of Christianity, revered by Christians as the Son of God and the incarnation of God. Also regarded as a major prophet in Islam.

2. Isaac Newton, Scientist ( 1643 – 1727 )

English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist, and theologian. His law of universal gravitation and three laws of motion laid the groundwork for classical mechanics.

1. Prophet Muhammad (s.a.a.w.), Secular and religious leader ( 570 – 632 AD )

The central human figure of Islam, regarded by Muslims as a prophet of God and the last messenger. Active as a social reformer, diplomat, merchant, philosopher, orator, legislator, military leader, humanitarian, philanthropist.