Tuesday, February 28, 2012

12 Most Attractive Natural Wonders of the Africa

Africa is the world's second largest and second most populous continent, after Asia. At about 30.2 million sq. km, it covers 6% of the Earth's total surface area and 20.4% of the total land area. With 1.0 billion people in 65 territories, it accounts for about 14.72% of the world's human population. It also includes a wide range of natural wonders and enormous wildlife habitat. Therefore, it is considered as one of the famous place to see some of the most attractive natural wonders of the world. So, here we have list 12 most attractive natural wonders of the Africa.

1. Red Sea Reef

The Red Sea Reef stretches over 1,240 miles along the coast of Egypt, Sudan, and Eritrea. There are more than 1,100 species of fish that call this Red Sea Reef home and nearly 10% of these are exclusive to this region. The reef features include abundant aquatic life, platforms, lagoons, and cylinders.

2. Mount Kilimanjaro

Mount Kilimanjaro is one of the largest stratovolcanoes in the world reaching 19,340 feet (5,895 m) into the air. As the tallest mountain in Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro is also the tallest free standing mountain in the world. Kilimanjaro is a composite volcano that includes layers of lava, tephra, and volcanic ash. The volcano is currently inactive with no known history of eruptions.

3. Sahara Desert

The Sahara Desert is the largest hot desert in the world and the second largest desert apart from Antarctica. The boundaries of the Sahara Desert stretch from the Red Sea on the east, the Atlantic Ocean on the west, the valley of the Niger river on the south, to the Mediterranean Sea on the north. The desert encompasses, at least in part, the countries of Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Western Sahara, Sudan, and Tunisia.

4. Serengeti Migration

The Serengeti migration is the longest and largest over land migration in the world. The Serengeti plains account for over 18,641 square miles and the migration itself travels 500 miles on the path from Tanzania to the Masai Mara Reserve in Kenya. Approximately 80% of the Seregeti plains are protected by the Tanzanian and Kenyan governments. The Serengeti is home to over 70 larger mammals and approximately 500 different types of birds. Probably the most impressive part of the migration is the herds of wildebeests that blanket the plains. The migration will kill off around 250,000 wildebeests each year.

5. Tsingy de Bemaraha

Tsingy de Bemaraha is a unique geographical area with intriguing landforms. It is also known for its mangrove forests and lemur populations.

6. Avenue of the Baobabs

The Avenue of the Baobabs, also known as the Alley of Baobabs, is located in Madagascar but the tree may be experienced in several other parts of Africa. The largest baobab trees are considered to be in South Africa. These trees are reported to have a circumference of 160 feet (50 m).

7. Ngorongoro Crater

gorongoro Crater is the world's largest unbroken caldera. Often referred to as "Africa's Garden of Eden," the crater is home to over 30,000 animals including elephants, lions, cheetahs, wildebeests, buffaloes, and the rare black rhinos. Ngorongoro Crater was created from a volcano that exploded creating the caldera wilderness haven. The crater is 12 miles (19 km) across and consumes 102 square miles (264 sq km) of wilderness. The rim of the crater rises just over 2,000 feet (610 m) above the caldera floor reaching an elevation of 7,500 feet (2,286 m).

8. Aldabra Atoll

The Aldabra Atoll is the second largest atoll in the world behind the Kiritimati atoll. It stretches 21.1 miles (34 km) long and 9 miles (14.5 km) wide. The Aldabra atoll is 26.2 feet (8 m) above sea level and has a land area of 96.5 miles (155.4 km). The lagoon stretches 139.1 miles (224 km) across; much of the lagoon will be exposed during low tide.

The Aldabra Atoll includes a ring of four larger islands: Grand Terre, Malabar, Polymnie, and Picard, and a few smaller islands. The islands have no inhabitants apart from a small staff of rangers. The atoll accounts for the largest population of giant tortoises. Additional wildlife includes: hammerhead sharks, barracuda, green turtles, hawksbill turtles, mantarays, and various birds.

9. Zuma Rock

Zuma Rock is a monolith found in Niger. It is easily observed by driving the road out of Abuja which is the capital of Nigeria. The nickname, Gateway to Abuja, is derived from this road. The Zuma Rock features a naturally occurring face on the side of the monolith.

10. Mount Kenya

Mount Kenya is the tallest mountain in Kenya and is only second to Mount Kilimanjaro. The mountain features three peaks over 16,000 feet: 1) Batian as the tallest at 17,058 feet (5,199 m), 2) Nelion at 17,022 feet (5,188 m) and 3) Lenana at 16,355 feet (4,985 m). Mount Kenya is located in the Mount Kenya National Park close to the equator. The UNESCO has declared Mount Kenya as a world heritage site. The park and area receives approximately 15,000 visitors each year.

11. Peak of the Furnace

The Peak of the Furnace (Piton de la Fournaise) is one of the most active volcanoes in the world. The Enclos Fourque caldera is 5 miles (8 km) wide and accounts for the top part of the volcano. Dolomieu is a 400 meter lava shield found inside the caldera. In addition to the lava shield, the caldera features craters, spatter cones and beaches.

12. Okavango Delta

The Okavango Delta is the world's largest inland delta. The delta is created from the rains the fill the Okavango River which is delivered to the basin of the Kalahari Desert. This is caused from the rainy season that occurs between January and February. The waters begin filling the delta in March and rising to the peak months of July and August.

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