Tuesday, May 1, 2012

15 Most Interesting Facts About Linux

Linux is one of the world’s most powerful and popular operating system. Linux operating system was developed by Linus Benedict Torvalds at the age of 21. At present there are more than 300 flavors of Linux available and one can choose between any of them depending on the kind of applications they want. Linux is a freeware and generally speaking its free from Virus and other malware infections. Here are 15 most interesting facts about Linux which may or may not be know for many of us.

1. Only 2% of the current Linux kernel written by Linus Torvalds.

2. The Linux kernel version is written in the programming language C.

3. The first commercial distribution GNU / Linux was Yggdrasil was launched Lice-CD format in 1992. Red Hat was one of the first distributions to settle within companies and data centers in 1999.

4. A guy named William Della Croce Jr. registered the name Linux and demanded royalties for use of the mark. Later, he agreed to assign the trademark to the true owner, who is Torvalds.

5. Countries such as Russia, Brazil and Venezuela have put their focus on Linux as a basis for interoperable management , cost efficient and technologically independent.

6. U.S. Department of Defense, U.S. Navy Submarine Fleet, Federal Aviation Administration uses Linux in government offices. Indian state of Tamil Nadu uses Linux for education purpose.

7. 90% of the world’s most powerful supercomputers using an operating system GNU / Linux, in fact, the top ten of supercomputers use Linux. In fact, the penetration of Linux in data centers is very high, 33.8% of the world runs on Linux servers compared to 7.3% does so in a Microsoft operating system.

8. The name of the penguin, Tux , is not entirely clear. On the one hand, it is said that the origin of the name comes from the fact that penguins appear to be wearing a tuxedo, which in English is said max tuxedo tux and is abbreviated. In contrast, another source comes from the letters of the logo of Tux are Unix Torvalds.

9. Torvalds wanted to call the kernel Freax (a combination of “free”, “freak”, and the letter X to indicate that it is a Unix-like), but his friend Ari Lemmke, who administered the FTP server where the kernel was hosted for download, the download directory called kernel of Linux Torvalds.

10. Debian was one of the first GNU / Linux that was constituted and organized as a community of developers.

11. Linux is present in highly critical applications such as Japan’s bullet trains, traffic control, San Francisco, the New York Stock Exchange, CERN, many air traffic control systems or control of nuclear reactors of submarines and ships many nuclear war.

12. Linux programmers are often associated with living “isolated” in the world, however, over 75% of the code developed for the Linux kernel came from private sector developers. In fact, large technology companies like Intel, Google, IBM, AMD, Sun Microsystems, Dell, Asus, HP, Analog Devices, Oracle, Novell or Red Hat help developing applications, contributing to the core or pre-installing any GNU / Linux their machines. In fact, during the 2003 Super Bowl (which paralyzes the United States and remains glued to the TV for many Americans), IBM delivered a beautiful ad talking about Linux and open source options.

13. The GNU project in 1991, had no drivers and kernel, that’s what led to Linus Torvalds to address the Linux kernel development. If GNU had had, perhaps, Torvalds had not been put to work on that.

14. The Linux kernel is now the most widely ported operating system, running on a great variety of operating systems.

15. World known companies such as Google, Cisco, Facebook, Twitter, Linked in etc use Linux as their main operating system.

12 Most Expensive Dish of the world

Here are some of the products and dishes that even the celebrities do not always afford it. These dishes may look as if they are very common and less expensive, but still there are some species of these dishes that are more expensive then one could imagine.Well then! Here is a list of foods that are rich, and not every day you can afford.

1. Walnut

Everyone has long known the taste and quality of useful products. But the most expensive in the world's macadamia nuts is considered. Once upon a time in Australian Aborigines this was the main course, but today it is considered rare, besides useful sophistication. Currently, all grown two kinds of nuts. The rarity of the product attached to the fact that the tree bears fruit macadamia though a hundred years old, in need of special care. Therefore, there are difficulties with the walnut growers and their prey - a year in the end is not more than 40 tons of it. As a result, in countries where this nut grows, the cost of a kilogram more than $ 30. Of course, with such dishes, and nuts are very valuable and expensive.

2. Saffron

He is recognized as the most expensive spice. Saffron is actually a family of plants from the stamens krokusovyh. This spice is prepared by hand - first carefully collected and then dried. To get a kilo of saffron is necessary to collect nearly half the stamens. Not surprisingly, the price for a kilogram of saffron this comes to six thousand dollars.

3. White truffle

The exact price of this delicacy simply does not exist, because each mushroom is sold at auction. Record the cost of the fungus was more than 30,000 euros. ( In the photo above, a giant white truffle goes to a billionaire Stanley Ho for $330,000 )

4. Dark chocolate

For lovers of exotic sweets can offer Chocopologie by Knipschildt - the most expensive chocolate in the world. The birthplace of this dark chocolate is America, and the tiles in 453 grams of a sweet tooth will cost in 2600 dollars.

5. Potatoes

Availability of this product in the list may seem absurd, but, and this dish can cost dearly. The most expensive potato varieties in the world "La Bonnotte" is in the area of 500 euros per kilo. It grows on the island Nurmuate root, collect a treat of course manually. A distinctive feature of the dish is extremely delicate flavor of potatoes.

6. Sandwich

For those who like to eat on the run made the most expensive burger in the world. His full name - "Platinum Club Sandwich von Essen" (von Essen Platinum Club Sandwich). Meet this dish can be exclusively in the hotel chain, "Von Essen." It should be a sandwich "only" $ 200, and it includes a special sourdough bread, Iberian ham, white truffles, quail eggs, dried Italian tomatoes and Bresskaya poulard.

7. Pizza

The most expensive pizza in the world offers this dish at home - in Italy. It's called "Louis XIII", and the cost of reaching Euro 8300. This is definitely a pizza cooked in the presence of the client, and it is composed of buffalo mozzarella, red lobster, three kinds of caviar, lobster and shrimp. In a dish cookery is not used or even sea salt - is the Australian Pink "Murray River".

8. Omelet

Lovers of exotic omelet is the place to try it in a New York hotel "Le Parker Meridien". This is where you can order the most expensive omelet in the world, the cost of one thousand dollars. Naturally it includes not only the eggs, there are lobsters and whole. Served on a bed of a dish of fried potatoes, and its decoration is a scattering of Sevruga caviar.

9. Salad

The most expensive salad in the world is known as "Florette Sea & Earth". Its you cook at the Oxford Hotel "Le Manoir aux Quat Saisons". The cost per serving "Florettskih sea and land" is 800 euros, and a convoy with 50 grams of elite white beluga caviar, Cornish crab, lobster, lobster, florettsky young lettuce, a little olive oil, red pepper, grated truffles, potatoes and asparagus. The dish is decorated with gold foil.

10. Roe

Usually it is considered that the most expensive caviar - a gray or black. However, this is not true, the most expensive caviar in the world considered to be the spawn "Almas" beluga-albino. Also available is a treat from Iran is very difficult, it is packed in a gold jar, and is a true masterpiece of art, not just cooking. One hundred grams of a delicacy worth two thousand dollars.

11. Coffee

The most expensive coffee in the world - "Kopi Luwak" - made from the seeds is not some sort of unique, but rather a unique way of life. "Kopi" in Indonesian means "coffee" and "Luwak" - a small, small carnivores, who loves to eat ripe fruit of the coffee tree, choosing the best. Coffee, he eats a lot more than it can digest. Undigested grains passing through the intestines of animals, exposed to enzymes, and as lovers swear by the "Kopi Luwak", acquired the unique taste and aroma. One kilogram of coffee, which helped to be born Luwak, costs from 300 to 400 dollars.

12. Tea

The most expensive tea in the world is Dahongpao, which translated means "big red gown." He refers to the Oolong (fermented teas strong, having an intense flavor and aroma). Get the "Big red robe" from the list of six shrubs growing near the monastery Tianxing. The age of these unique clusters - 350 years old. Each year, collected no more than 500 grams of the legendary tea, the cost of the finished product reached 685,000 dollars per kilogram. In 2006, the year the entire crop deposited in the National Museum of Chinese tea, a further fee moratorium was declared. However, with the 80-ies mother bushes are propagated vegetatively. The resulting tea with them, too, called "Big red robe", but experts believe that it is not any comparison with the present Dahunpao.