Monday, June 11, 2012

Top 10 Longest Bridges in the World

A bridge is a structure built to span physical obstacles such as a body of water, valley, or road, for the purpose of providing passage over the obstacle and to ease the traffic. Here we specified only about the longest bridge in china - Danyang–Kunshan Grand Bridge since china holds most of the top longest bridges in the world . Now, let's take a look at these top ten longest bridges in the world.

10. Seven Mile Bridge

The Seven Mile Bridge, in the Florida Keys, runs over a channel between the Gulf of Mexico and the Florida Strait, connecting Key Vaca (the location of the city of Marathon, Florida) in the Middle Keys to Little Duck Key in the Lower Keys. Among the longest bridges in existence when it was built, it is one of the many bridges on US 1 in the Keys, where the road is called the Overseas Highway.

9. San Mateo-Hayward Bridge

The San Mateo-Hayward Bridge is a bridge crossing Californias San Francisco Bay in the United States, linking the San Francisco Peninsula with the East Bay. More specifically, the bridges western end is in Foster City, the most recent urban addition to the eastern edge of San Mateo. The eastern end of the bridge is in Hayward. The bridge is owned by the state of California, and is maintained by Caltrans, the state highway agency.

8. Confederation Bridge

The Confederation Bridge is a bridge spanning the Abegweit Passage of Northumberland Strait, linking Prince Edward Island with mainland New Brunswick, Canada. It was commonly referred to as the Fixed Link by residents of Prince Edward Island prior to its official naming. Construction took place from the fall of 1993 to the spring of 1997, costing $1.3 billion. The 12.9-kilometre (8 mi) long bridge opened on 31 May 1997.

7. Rio-Niteroi Bridge

The Rio-Niteroi Bridge is a reinforced concrete structure that connects the cities of Rio de Janeiro and Niteroi in Brazil. Construction began symbolically on August 23, 1968, in the presence of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, in their first and thus far only visit to Brazil. Actual work begun in January, 1969, and it opened on March 4, 1974. Its official name is President Costa e Silva Bridge, in honor of the Brazilian president who ordered its construction. Rio-Niteroi started as a descriptive nickname that soon became better known than the official name. Today, hardly anyone refers to it by its official name.

6. Penang Bridge

The Penang Bridge is a dual-carriageway toll bridge that connects Gelugor on the island of Penang and Seberang Prai on the mainland of Malaysia on the Malay Peninsula. The bridge is also linked to the North-South Expressway in Prai and Jelutong Expressway in Penang. It was officially opened to traffic on September 14, 1985. The total length of the bridge is 13.5 km (8.4 miles), making it among the longest bridges in the world, the longest bridge in the country as well as a national landmark.

5. Vasco da Gama Bridge

The Vasco da Gama Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge flanked by viaducts and roads that spans the Tagus River near Lisbon, capital of Portugal. It is the longest bridge in Europe (including viaducts), with a total length of 17.2 km (10.7 mi), including 0.829 km (0.5 mi) for the main bridge, 11.5 km (7.1 mi) in viaducts, and 4.8 km (3.0 mi) in dedicated access roads. Its purpose is to alleviate the congestion on Lisbons other bridge (25 de Abril Bridge), and to join previously unconnected motorways radiating from Lisbon.

4. Chesapeake Bay Bridge

The Chesapeake Bay Bridge (commonly known as the Bay Bridge) is a major dual-span bridge in the U.S. state of Maryland; spanning the Chesapeake Bay, it connects the states Eastern and Western Shore regions. At 4.3 miles (7 km) in length, the original span was the worlds longest continuous over-water steel structure when it opened in 1952. The bridge is officially named the William Preston Lane, Jr. Memorial Bridge after William Preston Lane, Jr. who, as governor of Maryland, implemented its construction.

3. King Fahd Causeway

The King Fahd Causeway is multiple dike - bridge combination connecting Khobar, Saudi Arabia, and the island nation of Bahrain. A construction agreement signed on July 8, 1981 led to construction beginning the next year. The cornerstone was laid on November 11, 1982 by King Fahd of Saudi Arabia and Sheikh Isa bin Salman al-Khalifa of Bahrain; construction continued until 1986, when the combination of several bridges and dams were completed. The causeway officially opened for use on November 25, 1986.

2. Lake Pontchartrain Causeway

The Lake Pontchartrain Causeway, or the Causeway, consists of two parallel bridges that are one of the longest bridges in the world by total length. These parallel bridges cross Lake Pontchartrain in southern Louisiana. The longer of the two bridges is 23.87 miles (38.42 km) long. The bridges are supported by over 9,000 concrete pilings. The two bridges feature bascule spans over the navigation channel 8 miles (13 km) south of the north shore. The southern terminus of the Causeway is in Metairie, Louisiana, a suburb of New Orleans. The northern terminus is at Mandeville, Louisiana.

1. Danyang–Kunshan Grand Bridge

The Danyang–Kunshan Grand Bridge is the world's longest bridge. It is a 164.8 kilometres (102.4 mi) long viaduct on the Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway. The bridge is located between Shanghai and Nanjing in East China’s Jiangsu province. It includes a 9-kilometre long (5.6 mi) section over water that crosses Yangcheng Lake in Suzhou. It is located in the Yangtze River Delta where the geography is characterized by lowland rice paddies, rivers and lakes. The bridge runs roughly parallel and ten or so miles to the south of the Yangtze River. It was completed in 2010 and opened in 2011. Employing 10,000 people, construction took four years and cost about $8.5 billion. Danyang–Kunshan Grand Bridge currently holds the Guinness World Record for the longest bridge in the world in any category as of June 2011.

70 Best Caricature of Some Famous Celebs

A caricature is a portrait that exaggerates or distorts the essence of a person or thing to create an easily identifiable visual likeness. In literature, a caricature is a description of a person using exaggeration of some characteristics and oversimplification of others. Caricatures can be insulting or complimentary and can serve a political purpose or be drawn solely for entertainment. Caricatures of politicians are commonly used in editorial cartoons, while caricatures of movie stars are often found in entertainment magazines. Here is some of the coolest collection of funny caricatures of some famous celebrities. Take a look...

9 Weird and Wonderful Hotels in the World

For the average traveler, a hotel room is merely a rest stop, with the real adventure starting once you leave its comfort. But in these hotel rooms from sea critters to freezing temperatures trekkers do not have to look beyond their enclosed walls for a thrill. There may be many weird and unique hotels in this world. But these are selected hotels which gives not only an unique look but also some boost for adventure.

1. Capsule Hotel, Japan

If you are claustrophobic, opt against the Capsule Hotel in Japan. True to its name, the space-saving, dirt-cheap accommodation is a stack of fiber glass blocks, measuring 2m by 1m by 1.25m, with just enough room to sleep in. Despite the cost-saving, overnight solution, the hotel is fully equipped with wireless, TV and communal laundry rooms.

2. Poseidon Undersea Resort, Fiji

Under the sea, in an octopus garden in the shade, lies the Poseidon Undersea Resort. Conceived by the president of U.S Submarines, L. Bruce Jones, the hotel is constructed 40 feet under crystal clear waters of a 5,000 acre Fiji lagoon. Its accessed by an elevator and consists of three types of accommodation above the ground with a private beach, over the water, and on the ocean floor. If you have thousands to fork over a night, youre privy to a fully equipped luxury hotel spa, bar, restaurant, and gym to boot with panoramic views of the ocean and its critters.

3. Ice Hotel, Sweden

We definitely don't envy the builders of this Ice Hotel in Sweden, who have to re-construct it every winter. But we can definitely appreciate the picturesque accommodation, constructed entirely from tons of ice and snow blocks taken from the Torne River, cemented with snice, and fitted with breathtaking ice sculptures, an ice bar and ice chandeliers. Though the temperature never drops below 23 degrees Fahrenheit, guests are provided with thermal underwear and hats, and sleep on sleeping bags atop of a thick mattress with reindeer skins on a block of ice.

4. Forest Hut Hotel, Sweden

Discarding the comforts of the modern world, the Forest Hut Hotel in Kolarbyn, Sweden, makes roughing it sound fun. The huts are located in a glade beside the Lake Skrsjn, and espouse a simple, primitive form of living, with candle-lit rooms, shared outhouses, lake or creek as your option for bathing, crackling fire, and the sight, smell and sounds of the forest to entertain you. Food is also self-catered, with the nearest supermarket a two mile drive.

5. Sewage Pipe Hotel, Austria

In Ottenshiem, Austria, individual sewage pipes fitted with double beds and cleaned of their waste line a public park. Like their Japanese capsule counterparts, the tube rooms provide little space to manoeuvre, but are fitted with lamps, doors, power outlet, and even a small window. The concept was created by Austrian artist, Andreas Strauss, and considering they are sewage pipes, guests can pay what they can afford in support of the project.

6. Wild Canopy Reserve, India

The Wild Canopy Reserve, in the Mudumalai National Park, Masinagudi, India, puts all childhood tree houses to shame. Two deluxe tree houses sit 41 feet above the ground, with a panoramic view of the wildlife elephant, bison, and deer below. Though there is no electricity, the suites are fully equipped with a private library, en-suite toilet, running water and even a Jacuzzi.

7. Propeller Island City Lodge, Germany

Germanys capital boasts of perhaps the most innovative and creative hotel in the world. The lodge or more aptly, work of art has 30 rooms with mind blowing interior designs, created by the German artist, Lars Storschen. His artistic vision manifests into the bold, bizarre and beautiful suite decors, including, the Mirror Room, Gruft room, Two Lions room, Upside Down room, and Wrapped room.

8. The Hobbit Motel, Woodlyn Park, New Zealand

Lord of the Rings enthusiasts, eat your heart out. These pint-sized, barrel-shaped motel rooms are in honour of that little film, and are located in Waiton, New Zealand. Built under a hill, the rooms are reminiscent of Hobbiton, without sacrificing modern day amenities.

9. Magic Mountain Hotel, Chile

The architecturally amazing Magic Mountain Hotel in Chile is all odd-angles and awe-inspiring scenery. The hotel was named after the owners favourite book, which narrates the tale of a wish-fulfilling mountain. And with a fairytale-like waterfall cascading from the pinnacle of the roof, forest surroundings, and animals soaring overhead or scurrying down below, its hard to believe magic doesnt happen here.